Bravery and Coolness Under Fire – Andrew E. INGLETT

1909 Map of Richmond County GA

BelAir, Richmond County, GA

This record was recently discovered amongst the family piles.  It was written by H.S. Brach.  The ending note to this document  says, “This was taken from INGLETT’s war record by H.S. Brach, By., GA”  Andrew INGLETT was born in 1836.

Andrew Edwin INGLETT  – War Record

[Taken from a copy of an old typed document with hand written notes by Evelyn Dean where the copy was cut off.  Transcribed with last names capitalized, states abbreviated and paragraph breaks added.]

“Andrew Edwin INGLETT was born at Bel Air, GA, on the 25th of February, 1836, and is the son of Andrew and Mary INGLETT.  His mother’s name was Mary Smith.  On the 10th day of November he married his cousin Mary Ann INGLETT.  Unto them six children were born:  Sidney, Aida, Kate, Andrew, Fannie, and Dessie INGLETT.  He enlisted in the Confederate Army at Bel Air in May, 1861, in Company C. under Captain W.P. CRAWFORD of Columbia County, First Lieutenant Henry P. TUTT of Augusta (killed at Malvern Hill), George A. HILL of Grovetown, Second Lieutenant, Ed. PERRIN of Augusta, Third Lieutenant.

This Company was in the Twenty-eighth Regiment, commanded by Colonel GRAYBILL of Sandersville, GA.   The company went to camp of instruction at Griffin, GA, remained there about five months and was then sent to Manassas, VA, when the brigade became a part of the Provo Guard for Johnson’s army.  He was then sent to Yorktown until May the 4th when Johnson’s army fell back to Williamsburg under fire, and fell back to Seven Pines on the last day of May, 1862.  They fought the battle of Seven Pines and lost five men killed on the field of action, namely:  Sgt. Jackson HITT, whose home was on Wrightsboro Road six miles from Augusta;  privates William FINCH, William SCHAVER and Robert TINLEY from Bel Air;  and Gabriel HENDERSON from Pine Tucky, Richmond County.  Fought the battle of Mechanicsville on the night of June, which battle began on the night of the 25th.  Went into the battle of Gaines Hill on the 27th day of June.  Private McCONNOR was killed and Ed. BUCKLED was killed at Cold Harbor on July 1st.

INGLETT’s company was engaged at Malvern Hill where Tom MARTIN was killed.  INGLETT was wounded in this engagement and came home on a forty days leave.  At the expiration of the leave he rejoined his command at Leesburg, VA.  The command left Leesburg, crossed the Potomac at Charles City, VA, passed through Frederick City and Hagerstown, Maryland, and went back to South Mountain, a distance of about twelve miles under a forced march.

On the night of September 13th four companies of the Twenty-eighth, Georgia, including Company C, were put in the mountain gap behind a stone fence and fought all that night.  A shell coming through the fence killed Chester and Luther Blitchengton from Bel Air, GA, and tore open INGLETT’s shoulder.  INGLETT was carried to Shepherdtown where he remained for three weeks, rejoining his command at Guinea Station.  Spent the winter there and in the spring made a forced march through the Valley of Virginia, up by New Market and Staunton, VA and joined Jackson at Raccoon Ford, where the command captured a lot of Yankees and a baggage train.

There was hot fighting in the wilderness the next day lasting for five days.  Next engaged in battle at Chancellorsville where Stonewall JACKSON was killed.  INGLETT saw JACKSON and his staff pass on the evening of that day.  JACKSON was killed the next day.  The company was surprised to learn that STUART was in command and did not know of JACKSON’s death until several days afterwards.

From Chancellorsville the brigade was sent to Charleston.  It was then divided into INGLETT’s command under Major ELLIOT from North Carolina going to Fort Sumpter, a detachment of about twenty men remaining at Fort Sumpter for six months.  Under the command of Brigadier General Alfred COLQUITT, after governor of Georgia, the brigade was sent to Florida in time to join General FINEGAN in the fight at Ocean Pond or Olustee on the 20th day of February, 1864.  The Federal troops were under the command of General SEYMOUR.  INGLETT’s brigade engaged the 11th New Jersey, the 47th New York, the 6th and 57th Mass.  There were also 3 regiments of colored troops, composed mostly of refugee slaves from North Carolina.

The Confederates under the command of Generals FINEGAN and COLQUITT won a brilliant victory in this battle.  COLQUITTs brigade consisted of the 6th, 19th, 23rd, 7th and the 28th Georgia regiments.  INGLETT’s company went into battle with 28 men, of whom six were killed.  Those killed on the field were a father and two sons;  Richard CLIATT, helm CLIATT, and Bille CLIATT from Bel Air, Georgia;  Dennis INGLETT from Pine Tucky, near Bizelia, G., and Henry GOLLIFRIEND from near Bizellia.

The fight at Ocean Pond commenced at one o’clock in the day and lasted until 9 at night.  When the Federals retreated from Ocean Pond INGLETT’s command was sent to Baldwin, Florida.  They camped for about 2 weeks there.  From Baldwin they marched over the ridge of the Cherokee swamp through Camden, Wayne, Ware, and Pierce counties in Georgia and struck the Gulf Railroad at Blackshear, Georgia.  Boarded train at Blackshear en route to Virginia.  Laid over at Florence, South Carolina and other points a week or two, finally arriving at Petersburgh, VA. There they found that the Federals had about 28 batteries, including Fort Harrison.  The Federals had captured these batteries and some forts, including Fort Harrison.  Governor WISE had ordered out the militia and recaptured about 20 batteries.  INGLETT’s command at once became engaged and was successful in re-establishing the old lines from Petersburgh to Dreway’s Bluff.  The 6th day of May found INGLETT’s regiment at Chester, near Bermuda, between Richmond and Petersburgh.  The federal and confederate trenches were not over three or four hundred yards apart and not a yankee was to be seen nor a sound heard.  The confederates became suspicious.

Orders were given for six men from each of the ten companies in INGLETT’s regiment, making a total of sixty, to go over to the federal trenches to reconnoiter.  They found the federals in full line of battle.  Of the sixty men, twenty-one were killed or died from their wounds.  Among those shot down was Robert ANTRY from Richmond County near Bel Air.  He was lying about one hundred yards from the confederate breast works.  He called to INGLETT to come and get him.  At INGLETT’s request the captain ordered the command to cease firing and in the face of federal fire INGLETT went over the breast works and brought ANTREY back in his arms.  He was commended for his bravery and coolness under fire and was made a litter bearer, that service requiring men of his proven courage.Rebel Attempt to capture Fort Harrison - Library of Congress

His command was next engaged in the second battle of Cold Harbor, North Carolina on the 25th day of June 1864, one of the hardest fights participated in, and under fire all the time.  General Rance WRIGHT’s Division was supporting INGLETT’s division.  D. H. HILLS from Bel Air called for volunteers to go to WRIGHT’s command for a box of ammunition.  INGLETT offered for this service;  sent about three hundred yards up a steep hill, the federals shooting at him all the way;  got a box of Enfield rifle cartridges weighing one hundred pounds;  was subjected to heavy fire on the way there and back;  was wounded three times in left arm and across the hip.  He reached his command in bad need of attention and was sent to the field hospital.  He then went back to his company.  On the 18th day of August the federals captured a part of Wildon railroad but were driven back.  In this fight INGLETT from near Bercillia and Dave VINSON from Sandtown in Richmond County were wounded.  On the 19th day of August, 1864 the confederates cut a large body of federals off from their main forces and Coquitt’s Brigade captured a large number of prisoners.  INGLETT was wounded in the right leg, fell in a heavy downpour of rain and was taken prisoner.  He was sent to City Point, the ball was taken out of his leg at Yake Field Hospital and he was put in prison where he remained from the 21st day of August to the following March 28th.  He was then carried with ten thousand other prisoners to Fort Pulaski at Savannah, GA, where they were exchanged.  INGLETT’s company also suffered the following additional casualties while in camp at Petersburgh:  A shell killed Nathan NEWMAN and John BUGG from Grovetown, Bill PATTON, color bearer from Richmond county. Tom PERRIN from Martinez was killed in skirmish fighting around Petersburg.  Dave VINSON was killed at Fort Fisher, Wilmington, NC which was the last fight in which INGLETT’s company was engaged.  Those were trying times.  INGLETT always tried to keep up his own and the spirits of the men around him.

Just the other day in the evening of life this old Johnny Reb told me of the many parts he played back in the sixties among the followers of Marse ROBERT when the thin gray line stretched at Petersburg until it just had to break.

(This was taken from INGLETT’s war record by H.S. Brach, By., GA)”



Bat Guano and the Demise of Levi STEPHENS

1864 Battlefield of Resaca GA by Matthew Brady

1864 Battlefield of Resaca GA by Matthew Brady

Levi H. STEPHENS not only survived the Civil War but became a prolific family man.  He had his first 2 children, William ’60 and Thomas ’64 with his wife Rachel during that time.  Son James was born in 1864 and daughter Martha (Mattie) Elizabeth about 1869.

Levi was born about 1834 probably in Madison County, GA to a farming family.  He married Miss Rachel, whose life events and surname are still being investigated.

The Civil War Website created by the National Park Service has a list of soldiers and sailors that fought in the Civil War.  Levi H. STEPHENS is found Continue reading

Remember This Building?

SIBLEY MILL on the canal in Augusta GA

SIBLEY MILL on the canal in Augusta GA

Remember this picture from an earlier post?  It’s called Sibley Mill and was built next to a canal in Augusta GA on a site previously occupied by the Confederate Powderworks.

The Powderworks building was the only permanent structure erected by the Confederates during the Civil War in the year 1862 to solve their gunpowder shortage.  It’s length was 2 miles long next to the canal, with raw materials entering in the first of 26 buildings and exiting as gunpowder.  They made 7000 lbs of gunpowder per day and had 70,000 lbs leftover at the end of the war in 1865 when the plant was ordered shut down.

Demolition of the building was ordered by the U.S. government but the smokestack was left as a memorial to the soldiers of the Confederacy.  By 1880, Sibley Mill had begun with half a million bricks bought from the demolished Powderworks at $5 per 1000.   The Mill was designed to resemble the Powderworks with a castle-like fortress appearance.  Two towers were built to house a bell and a water tank.   The center of each wing building has the colorful coat of arms of the Sibley Family.

Sibley Mill produced fabric.  It’s opening yield was disappointing and new machinery was added in 1884.  It had 35,136 spindles and 672 looms.  Over 2 million pounds of cotton were used in 1883 but eleven years later in 1894, over 8.5 million pounds were used.  That’s a lot of cotton.

Some professions of the Mill included: Continue reading

Alfred Martin LINN a CSA Captain

As you can see below, Alfred Martin LINN was in the Civil War.  He is wearing the uniform of the Confederacy, known as the CSA which stood for ‘Confederate States of America’.

Portrait of kindred Alfred Martin LINN in Civil War Uniform

Alfred Martin LINN in Confederate Uniform of the Civil War

Before the Civil War, Alfred served as a sheriff in Bartow County (1848-1850) and also served in the Inferior Court of the County.  Before the war, Bartow County was known as Cass County.  After enlisting, he quickly became a Captain in the GA 63rd Infantry Regiment.

HOW DOES HE RELATE TO YOU?    In 1837 he married Frances Ann HACKETT and they had a rich family of 13 children.  His son Western Hardy “Wheat” LINN and wife Martha (Mattie) A. GILREATH were the parents of Max Augustus LINN.

Some things learned from these few details of Alfred’s life are:

  • He was a Husband, Father, and Family Man
  • He was Honest, True, and Just
  • He was a Leader

The Last Two Letters of James DICKERSON

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Understanding and forgiveness appear in Letter 11.  The realities of war are described and as ever, James has a keen sensitivity to crops and prices of goods in the area.   He still has no money and is concerned about his family having shoes.

The last letter, number 12 is penned by someone other than James due to his injury.  He is in a Confederate Hospital in Richmond, VA.

Letter 11

Virginia  richmond      June the 20th

Dier wife      I take the plesier of droping you a few lines to informe you that I am well at this time and I hope this will find you all well      I reseved youre leter dated the 11 witch please me vary mutch to her that you was all well and you have become reconsiled about your spyses       I a sorra to think you had that opinion of mee       Wright pritchet died last night and his brother cant carry him home       it cost $40-$50 dolers to barry ethring so ther is no chance for the pore       I int to git my tipe to you for there is no chances        there is one hundred men in this company and about thirty four duty tha ar qurd of them that —- it gives them the brake         tha ar fiting every day in  – ———the ole gineral burnt everything up the tents and everything        we have only what we had on our backs        tell my farther [father] [1] that tome [Tommy] [2] is her and looks as well as I ever seen him       his ridgment is in our brigade       Corne is three dolars a bushel her      sirup is five dolars a galon       are you making aney corne       I reseved youre leter that tha ole mail in one day the 17       Yall rote to mee wether I got pleanty to eat or not       I doo sutch as it is       Bread and meat       wheat bread at that         wee git som beef ons a week       I have got a bunch of wheet      Crops is vary good her       you don’t no how glad I would be to see you all       I doo dreame about you aften times        I think if I doo ever git out of this I will stay at home the balans of my dayes     I don’t hav eny idea that tha war will last mutch longer Continue reading

What Else Happened in 1862?


James DICKERSON’s letters to his wife Clary were written in the year 1862.  Of interest are other events that happened the same year:

  • The first income tax was implemented;  3% of incomes less than $600.
  • Paper money called ‘greenbacks’ were issued to the United States by President Abraham Lincoln.
  • The United States Mint was established by Congress in Denver CO.
  • Bucharest was proclaimed the capitol of Romania.
  • Julia Howe published “Battle Hymn of the Republic”.
  • The U.S. Navy’s first ironclad ship was launched and in the same year their ironclad ship ‘Monitor’ sank off Cape Hatteras, N.C.
  • Congress outlaws polygamy.
  • Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln, freeing slaves in the U.S.
  • The Battle of Antietam was fought and was the single most deadly day of the Civil War with 23,110 casualties.
  • 1st pasteuriztion test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.
  • The bowling ball was invented.

Unhappy and Upset – Letters 9 and 10 of James DICKERSON

Civil War Balloon 'Intrepid'

In Letter 9, James wants information from Clary to change his situation in the military stating that he ‘can’t live this life’.  His possesions include a blanket, napsack and discarded knife.

In Letter 10 the strain of separation from his wife is manifest.  It would be so interesting to know what Clary said in her letter dated June 4th.  We can only imagine  it expressed displeasure and some distrust after Letter 5 where James wrote about the women he had seen and his desire to go fishing with Clary.  James ends letter 10 rather cold and business like.

The National Park Service website astutely describes the average soldier of the civil war;  ‘They would face diseases they had never known and wounds they had never imagined. And through it all, these common-folk-turned-soldiers would endure homesickness to a degree none of them had ever envisioned.’

Letter 9

Richmond Virginia    June the 10 1862

Dier wife      I take the plesier of droping you a few lines to informe you that I am well at this time and I hope this will find you injoing the blesing      I want you to rite to mee as soon as you git this leter      I want you to rite to mee what ridment Wiley [1] is in Va and all about it for I don’t aime to sta her      I can get a transfer to my brother anewher you can fine out from J. Grant [2] and from Any Brown [3] the life I live      I cant live this life      I have got one blanket and my napsack and the knife that lutie give to Brown the time of the retreat he throde it away and I pick it up and I am a going to fetch it home if I cane      Nothing more at present only I remane youre husban until death

by D.J. Proctor to Mrs. C. Dickerson


[1] Wiley is James’ younger brother born 8 Oct 1835.  He enlisted in the 32nd Confederate Infantry Regiment, Company H.

[2] J. Grant is probably J.L. Grant found living in Proctor, Monroe County, GA at the time of the 1860 census.  He was born about 1825, was married and had 5 children.

[3] Any Brown is most likely Andrew J. Brown who enlisted in Company H of the 32nd GA Infantry Regiment on 6 May 1862 just as Wiley DICKERSON.

Letter 10

Virginia Richmond    June the 14 1862

Dier wife      I seat my self to informe you that I am well at this time      I reseved yore leter dated the 4 witch I was sorry to her that you was displeise with the one I sent you [1]     I ment no harme of it      you did not understand it about not being at home when you rote      I had no blank look nor the old man and wher did you git it and william Brown [2] told me that he heard your brother Henry say  that he was going to move you closer to his hous and I rote to you I would be glad to be at home so mee and you could go afishing witch was no harme      I have no spise ther [spies there] and I dont want you to rite to mee about none of youre Dam spise and if cant [d]o so I dont want you to rite at all you can use youre one plesier about it      I think that the war will come to a close      I am as hapy as if were soner      I see yankes every Day tha have berloones [3]      you dont rite whether you ar making any corne or not       So good evening      Nothing more at presant


[1] Letter 5 dated May 24

[2] William Brown was from Monroe County GA and enlisted in Jame’s regiment on th 4 Mar 1862

[3] Union army balloons were a common site in the Richmond area.  The ‘Gazelle’ and ‘Intrepid’ were two balloons used at this time.

From ‘Seven Days War Ballooning in the Civil War’ by James Green we learn:

” . . nearly daily balloon ascensions at Yorktown attracted much attention from the Confederates with the balloon being a constant target for their guns. Lowe stated, “the enemy opened upon it with their heavy siege guns or rifled field pieces, until it had attained an altitude to be out of reach, and repeated this fire when the balloon descended, until it was concealed by the woods.”

An 1862 Easter

Happy Easter.  Thoughts and hopes of restoration are hard to resist when learning about our kindred ancestors who’ve moved on, especially the many who suffered and died in war.  I found an Easter sermon written in 1862 at that sheds light on concerns and challenges of the day.

In addition, I’ve included a couple of videos about Aimee Copeland, a young woman who recently suffered the challenges of amputation.  She is an inspiration as are many others in our own family.

The sermon does not lack for words, thought or content.  Death is likened to sleep.  Just as the body requires sleep and rest for restoration, so does the soul require death to be restored, calling it “tired nature’s sweet restorer . . . ”

“Now, such is the effect of the body’s visit to its grave . . .  all weary and worn . . . They go there with the furrowed brow, the hollowed cheek, the wrinkled skin—they shall wake up in beauty and glory. The old man totters there, leaning on his staff. The palsied comes there, trembling all the way. The halt, the lame, the withered, the blind journey in doleful pilgrimage to the common dormitory. But they shall not rise decrepit, deformed, or diseased, but strong, vigorous, active, glorious, immortal!

Out of the 3 million men who fought in the Civil War on both sides, most of them had a rural, agrarian background like James DICKERSON.  They had a keen understanding of the growing seasons and the importance of seeds with their renewal or germinating power.

“The shriveled seed, so destitute of form and comeliness, shall rise from the dust a beauteous flower. A green blade all fresh and young shall spring up where before there was the dried decayed grain . . . “

The casualties of war included not only loss of life, but amputations and disfigurement as well.   The reference to ‘the holy martyrs’ who suffered similar trials gives way to hope of restoration.  Back then in 1862, most relied on faith in God to make sense of death.  But today we have . . . uh, well. . . let’s see . . . about the same thing.

“Well said the holy martyrs, when their limbs were being torn away—’We cheerfully resign these members to the God who gave them to us.’ Our members are not ours to hold or lose, no torment can rob us of them in reality. For when we wake up in Christ’s likeness it will not be as halt or lame, but full of strength and vigor—more comely than earthly sons of men . . . The winter of the grave shall soon give way to the spring of resurrection and the summer of glory. Blessed is death, since it answers all the ends of medicine to this mortal frame and through the Divine power disrobes us of the leprous rags of flesh, to clothe us with the wedding garment of incorruption!”

A modern story of inspiration and bravery in the face of bodily trials is found in Aimee Copeland, a young University of GA student who suffered a gash to her leg from a river rock when she fell from a faulty home made zip line.  An infection in her leg gave way to a flesh eating necrosis that led to amputations and organ failure.  Not only did she beat the odds and survive but Continue reading