James sounds very low in letter 7. He’s ill and homesick. His living conditions are poor and he’s seen casualties of battle, one of them being the death of a friend. His request is for a momento of hair and the written word from Clary. Letter 8 appears to be written 3 days after letter 7. He is in better health but describes the cold, hunger, and anticipation of battle they are living with. Sickness is amongst the Regiment. He wants to know about home life and remains an ‘affectionate husban.”
Richmond Virginina June the 5 1862
Dier wife I take my seet this morning to let you now that I am not well at presant I not got none leters from you in along time I think sometimes that you have stop riting I ly down in a hole of water and get up out a hole of water wee have some hard fiting everyday Mose Suten got kiled and great many was wounded I her that all men that is over thirty five  can go home after the 16 of June and if it is so you may look for mee I have nothing to rite to you of importans I want you to make mee a brade of your hair and send it to mee I want you to rite to mee I have rote ten or twelve leters and reseced foure tha balans gits leters evry week I will come to a close saing I am your beloved husband until Deth J. H. Dickerson to Mrs. C. Dickerson.
 James is age 40.
Richmond Virginia the 8 1862
Dier wife I take this opertunity of droping you a few lines to informe you that I am well at presant and hopeing these few lines may fine you all well I want to her from you all any how I am her in the woods with one blanket and napsack and hot [not] half enof to eat we are looking evry minet for a fight we can see plenty of yanks one the other side of the river we are sheling each other every day Dick Bias receve a leter from his wife that stated tha had bin a fight in youre settement I want you to rite to mee if you plese that all git leter but mee I would be glad to her from you now is the time to rite this makes twelve leters I have rote to you we have a great deal of sickness John Holwer left us at ginee and i dont no where he is tha loued he would die  all the sickness is from the mesels  I dont want to stay this part of the world it is cold and too wet it was cold last night I want you to rite to mee wether your raking my wheet or not and how youre comin and how you came on rasing chickines and what your hogs is a doing Jo gilping  is home sick and William B too and I am sorter soo my love is all I will to you the reson I didant pay the potea tha [they] tole [told] me that tha would go beter without you must not think hard of it escuse my hand rite for i had to rite it one my napsack by a fire so I will close I shal not rite until I git a leter from you nothing more at presant onley I remane youre afectionate husban until Deth J. H. Dickerson to Mrs. C. Dickerson
 ‘tha loued he would die’ is probably ‘They [be]’lieved he would die’.
 A confederate soldier had a 1 in 8 chance of dying in battle and a 1 in 5 chance of dying of disease according to Eric Either (Dec 2003 Civil War Times). Measles was only a part of the disease epidemic. Dysentery was number 1 with typhoid, pneumonia, tuberculosis and malaria contributing. It’s hard to imagine now, but the folk of the day did not understand that contaminated water and poor sanitation were the major facilitators of so much disease.
 ‘Jo Gilping’ is Joseph M.Gilpin married to James’ sister Elizabeth Dickerson Gilpin. His death on Sept 7th of that same year was communicated to his wife by a letter from W. J. Proctor, 1st SGT in company D. He writes,
“I embrace the present opportunity to communicate to you the painful intellegiance of the death of your husband. He died this morning about sunrise at the field hospital about one mile from the company. He had been complainine for a day or two. Yesterday mornin he seemed to be quite sick and only lived until this morning. I am informed that he died from inflamation of the bowels (gun shot). . . I deem it the duty of some member of this company to tell you of the sad fact and take the task upon myself. I’m not very well aquainted with you but am well acquainted with your father . . . “
Even though no picture of Clary DICKERSON has surfaced yet, we can imagine a little bit about how she looked.
Five fashion tips that were popular during her day:
1. Part your hair in the middle.
The popular hair style of the day was to part the hair in the middle with the long tresses rolled and/or braided into a low bun at the nape of the neck. In the evening, the pieces of hair could be curled and hung in ringlets.
2. Wear a hoop.
The modern ones made of steel or brass are best but if you can’t get your hands on one of these, your old whalebone or rattan hoop will do.
3. Purple is IN!
The first colorfast synthetic purple dye had just been developed. Awesome.
4. Full Skirts are Back
Clary might have worn clothes similar to these Civil War re-enactors in the following video:
5. Sheer Elegance
For those warm summer evenings, sheer cotton organdy is the way to go. You don’t want to miss the 1862 Fashion Show by Robin Stokes. Live models wear remakes of dresses from the ‘Godeys Lady’s Book’, a catalog of dresses. It’s fun. Click here to see it: 1862 FASHION SHOW.
Next post? Watch for 2 more letters to Clary from her husband James. He likes her hair . . .
Letters 5 and 6 were written 7 days apart. On May 27 the Battle of Hanover Courthouse (also known as the Battle of Slash Church) was fought. It is noted that about 200 Confederates died on the field and 730 captured. The Union lost about 375 with 70 captured (James says 60 were captured).
In letter 5, James had already seen death in the Regiment due to sickness and was still experiencing illness himself. He obviously misses the female companionship of his wife and keeps count of how many letters they have (or have not) written to each other. James wants to make changes and it appears there are many uncertainties at home.
In the 6th letter, James describes the hardship of the last few days. He has ‘seene sights’ of battle and death. Make sure to read note #4 that more fully describes the situation of the Regiment in a letter written by a young man also of the regiment. It’s incredible that so much information can be gleaned on the internet.
Virginia Caroliner County May 24 1862
Dier wife I take my seet this morning to drop you a few lines that I am well at this time and I hope these few lines will find you all well I reseve youre leter dated the 16 of May whitch gave mee great plesir to her from you wee have a great deal of sickness in the ridgment and deths  when i first came her I had the yerake  so bad that I was dif and when I was at golesborough I had the _______ and the rumatisam in the hip and nee so that I could not walk but I am as well as before at this time wee have tite laws in this rigment no man can go a mile from the rigment without a pas there is a few peple lives in this county and tha ar rich I see some few wimin when I go on dres parrad  and tha ar as ugley as tha Devil Continue reading
In the first two letters we find James reporting on his health and the status of the trees in Virginia. He is concerned about affairs at home and probably in need of clothing for himself. It seems as though he is anxious to receive a letter from his wife. He is almost despondent sounding, reminding his wife to make arrangements should he die.
By the third letter he has heard from his wife. Her letter took about 13 days to get to him. Again, he reports on his health and farming conditions but has probably seen something of battle and is looking for a little comfort or relief from his anxious circumstances. Letters 3 and 4 are written in two consecutive days. Again, the numbers in brackets are notes and are not in the original letters.
Virginia Carliner County May the 11, 1862
Dier wife I reseved youre leter dated April the 29 witch gave me great plesier to read it I am well at present We expect to have a big fight here every minit Tha is no corne planted her yet I had a bad spell in Golesborro but I have got well I want you to rite every weeke to mee and have your leter back right tha last I reseved came to the ridment I want it too come to Company D 45 Ga. Ridgment  You wrote to me that you had some whiskey Continue reading
Rappahannock River and View of Fredericksburg VA 1862 photo by O’Sullivan
James H. DICKERSON served the C.S.A. (Confederate States of America) as a private for 6 months from March 4th to August 12 in 1862. Twelve letters written by him to his second wife Clary were donated to the United States Military Academy Library at West Point in 1983 by Ethel Dickerson McCOY.
We have not viewed any handwritten images, only transcriptions of the letters as written, with no grammatical corrections. It may take a couple of readings to understand what is being communicated because of the spelling. Just think phonetic or text speak and you should be able to figure it out.
My research notes are indicated by ,  etc. and are not part of the original letter. If you have trouble understanding the content or words, please contact me and we’ll try to figure it out together.
Letter Number 1
No date but apparently mailed sometime in April 1862
Golesburror North Caroliner  45 G. Ridgment 
Dear Wife I drop you a few lines to let you know how I am getting along I am not well at this time though I am up and about. Continue reading
So, here are our Newly Discovered kindred. A glimpse of them was caught in the post about Alethia DICKERSON HOLDER highlighted Feb 26 on ‘My Kindred Tree’.
James H DICKERSON
Marriage record of James to Clara McCOY
Monroe County GA Courthouse built in 1825. First brick building in county.
1st marriage of James to Sarah HOBBS
James DICKERSON, Sarah HOBBS, and Clara McCOY are Alethia DICKERSON’s parents. Two wives for one man without bigamy or polygamy? Well, yes. James married Sarah in 1845 when they were 21 and 19 respectively. About a year later they had their first and only child, Alethia. Just six years later Sarah would die at age 25 in young adulthood like many of her siblings (a story for another day).
Six more years pass and James marries Clara McCoy in 1857 during a time of great economic turmoil for the United States. They both are about 32 years old on their wedding day in January. Sometime in 1859 they have a son, little George Monroe. The 1860 census reveals that James was working as a day laborer. No extra people were listed in the household indicating that he did not have servants or own slaves. Continue reading
Last week we made several discoveries. While traveling through Augusta GA we were able to locate and visit the site of a place (see picture below) that employed several generations of kindred ancestors. Although it may look like a temple it is not, unless you worship your work. Watch for future posts that will tell what, who and when about this place. Very interesting.
The other discovery was finding another generation of kindred, previously unknown.
It’s been very exciting getting to know this new couple through a series of letters written during the civil war. We rejoined Ancestry.com which enabled this newest discovery. Look for a 2 part series revealing the content of the letters .